Egypt established anis’ and used them in the designing of their architecture. Horizontal axes were the pathways for humans to travel and vertical axes (using circles and columns) brought you closer to the Gods and heaven.
Egyptians used their columns as a way to tell a story and to keep their society alive throughout history.
The Greeks thought they were the center of everything and the center was very important in Greek design. Since Greece is surrounded on three sides by water, it was very important to their lifestyle and commerce.
In Greece, the Megaron was formed and redesigned over time to create an early temple to put statues in. Greeks had an organizational theme which included a porch, hearth and court.
The Greeks also had a command for asymmetrical balance and making things appear ideal; where in reality, they weren’t perfect.
example: Parthenon had no parallel lines in the structure and the front columns were spaced differently. It was also placed in a part of the acropolis to show hierarchy, being the largest structure.
Greece was the prototype for Romem and many of the design elements were kept. (ie. Column orders and materials). The Romans, however, brought in more of a mathematical way of designing and began the grid city patterns.